European Court of Human rights – grand Chamber Judgment E.B. v France

Posted: január 24, 2008 in ! english, adopcia
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Rozhodnutie Európskeho súdu pre ľudské práva v prípade francúzskej lesbickej žiadateľky o adopciu: 

EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS

038

22.1.2008

Press release issued by the Registrar

GRAND CHAMBER JUDGMENT 
E.B. v. FRANCE

The European Court of Human Rights has today delivered at a public hearing its Grand Chamber judgment 1 in the case of E.B. v. France (application no. 43546/02).

The Court held by ten votes to seven that there had been a violation of Article 14 (prohibition of discrimination) in conjunction with Article 8 (right to respect for private and family life) of the European Convention on Human Rights.

Under Article 41 (just satisfaction) of the Convention, the Court by eleven votes to six awarded the applicant 10,000 euros (EUR) in respect of non-pecuniary damage and EUR 14,528 for costs and expenses. (The judgment is available in English and French.)

1.  Principal facts

E.B. is a French national aged 45. She is a nursery school teacher and has been living with another woman, R., who is a psychologist, since 1990.

The application concerns the refusal by the French authorities to grant the applicant’s request to adopt a child, allegedly on account of her sexual orientation.

In February 1998 the applicant applied to the Jura Social Services Department for authorisation to adopt a child. During the adoption procedure she mentioned her homosexuality and her stable relationship with R.

On the basis of the reports drawn up by a social worker and a psychologist, the adoption board made a recommendation in November 1998 that the application be rejected. Shortly afterwards the president of the council for the département of the Jura gave a decision refusing authorisation. Following an appeal by the applicant, the president of the council for the département confirmed his refusal in March 1999. The reasons given for both decisions were the lack of “identificational points of reference” due to the absence of a paternal image or reference and the ambiguous nature of the applicant’s partner’s commitment to the adoption plan.

The applicant lodged an application with Besançon Administrative Court, which set both decisions of the president of the council for the département aside on 24 February 2000. The département of the Jura appealed against the judgment. Nancy Administrative Court of Appeal set aside the Administrative Court’s judgment on 21 December 2000. It held that the refusal to grant the applicant authorisation had not been based on her choice of lifestyle and had not therefore given rise to a breach of Articles 8 (right to respect for private and family life) and 14 (prohibition of discrimination) of the European Convention on Human Rights.

The applicant appealed on points of law, arguing in particular that her application to adopt had been rejected on account of her sexual orientation. In a judgment of 5 June 2002, the Conseil d’Etat dismissed E.B.’s appeal on the ground, among other things, that the Administrative Court of Appeal had not based its decision on a position of principle regarding the applicant’s sexual orientation, but had had regard to the needs and interests of an adopted child.

2.  Procedure and composition of the Court

The application was lodged with the European Court of Human Rights on 2 December 2002.

The FIDH (Fédération Internationale des ligues des Droits de l’Homme ), the ILGA-Europe (the European Region of the International Lesbian and Gay Association), the APGL (Association des Parents et futurs Parents Gays et Lesbiens) and the BAAF (British Agencies for Adoption and Fostering) were given leave to take part in the proceedings before the Chamber as third party interveners under Article 36 § 2 of the Convention (third party intervention) and Rule 44 § 2 of the Rules of Court.

On 19 September 2006, under Article 30 of the Convention 2, the Chamber relinquished jurisdiction in favour of the Grand Chamber.

SOURCE:

http://cmiskp.echr.coe.int/tkp197/view.asp?item=2&portal=hbkm&action=html&highlight=&sessionid=4882275&skin=hudoc-pr-en

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  1. […] European Court of Human rights – grand Chamber Judgment E.B. v France  Január 24, 2008 Rozhodnutie Európskeho súdu pre ľudské práva v prípade francúzskej lesbickej žiadateľky o adopciu v angličtine […]

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